In any project of a two-storey house made of glued beam or any other material there is a ladder, the reliability and convenience of which depends on the quality of design and installation.
Reliability and durability in this case does not depend on the selected material. Correctly constructed ladders made of any material and with proper processing will serve long and have a presentable appearance. A lot of design projects of wooden stairs, their photos show all the attractiveness and inexpensive in construction.
There are two types of stairs – basic and additional. The main ones are designed to move from the first to the second floor and above, and the additional ones lead to the attic or cellar.
The main types of wooden stairs
Straight marches are staircases that have straight marches. This is the most common type of staircase, because it is very simple to build. Such stairs are very comfortable to climb and descend. With a small area of space make three or two staircases with a platform between them.
The ladders, made in the form of the letter “G” are called L-shaped. They are also common in private homes, as they are very compact. They are installed around the 2nd or 1st wall. There are several triangle-shaped steps with an acute angle at the turning point, which causes little inconvenience when walking.
Double-turn staircases are called U-shaped. They are installed most often in bay windows or special mines.
Very large houses use T-shaped stairs. They require a lot of space to build. They consist of three marches. From the ground floor, the march leads to the site, and then two marches to the first floor.
What does a wooden staircase consist of?
The simplest straight staircase consists of such elements:
The atyves are the sides of the stairs. Massive boards with cutting under the stairs. Tethyves are load-bearing foundations and must be strong and reliable.
An optional element is the steps. These boards close the void between the steps.
For safety, they build a railing. They help with climbing and descending and prevent falling out of the stairs.
The area between the floors is used to save space occupied by the stairs.
Construction of the stairs should be done in the following order:
- First of all, an interfloor platform should be installed. The legs are fixed to the frame with stiffening ribs. The structure is installed in its place and covered with a decking to prevent physical damage when installing other elements.
- The awnings are fastened by steps and installed between the platform at the top and bottom and fixed firmly to the wall.
- Then fasten the balusters and railing. They are ordered from masters of turning or buy ready in the shop.